C5 – Water supply industry and population connected to water supply industry in the Republic of Armenia 

Key messages

Most of the population (95.5 %) in Armenia was connected to the water supply in 2021.
Transit losses of water in the water supply system in 2000-2009 increased by 26.4%, but in 2010-2021 decreased by 13.5% during the period due to improvements in the state water supply system.
In 2021 they made up 73.2% of the total water supply.

Year Population connected to water supply industry (%)
2000 87.6
2001 84.7
2002 84.1
2003 87.3
2004 88.9
2005 89.4
2006 91.3
2007 94.1
2008 97.0
2009 97.6
2010 97.0
2011 97.5
2012 96.6
2013 98.7
2014 98.3
2015 97.3
2016 97.9
2017 97.3
2018 97.9
2019 96.1
2020 95.5
2021 95.5
2022 95.6

Figure 1- Population connected to water supply industry in the Republic of Armenia (2000-2021)

Data sources:

(C6) Population connected to public water supply by indicators and years, Statistical Committee of the RA (ArmStatBank)

Year Net volume of water supplied by water supply industry (million m3) Losses during transport (million m3)
2000 204.8 398.4
2001 196.4 372.8
2002 182.3 369.9
2003 163.9 421.6
2004 124.9 440.9
2005 116.3 479.6
2006 134.3 459.9
2007 93.7 515.1
2008 99.5 519.3
2009 93.4 503.9
2010 93.3 466.3
2011 96.8 420.0
2012 104.4 431.3
2013 108.8 416.4
2014 112.3 387.9
2015 117.7 378.6
2016 119.7 360.1
2017 121.2 451.0
2018 121.3 468.4
2019 133.9 431.7
2020 139.3 416.0
2021 147.5 403.2

Figure 2 - Development of net volume of water supplied by water supply industry and water losses during transport in the Republic of Armenia (2000-2021)

Data sources:

(C5) Public water supply by purpose and years, Statistical Committee of the RA (ArmStatBank)

(C7) Water losses by NACE and years   Statistical Committee of the RA (ArmStatBank)

The water supply system is designed to provide the population with drinking quality water.
In 2022, around 545.2 million m3 of water was supplied by the water supply system in Armenia, out of which 386.3 million m3 was lost in the water supply network, which corresponds to 70.8 % of the total water supplied.

According to the UNECE environmental performance assessment, during the 2000s, around 80 % of the pipes were more than 10 years old and 55 % were more than 20 years old. Their maintenance had been neglected. The number of interruptions in supply was increasing regularly (UNECE, 2000).

However, in 2009 since then, as a result of the implementation of the RA government's water management improvement strategy, the share of the population connected to the water supply network has increased, reaching 95.6% in 2022, and more attention is being paid to rural areas.

However, network water losses are still incredibly high and put pressure on renewable water resources. Along with a slight decrease in the total population, the total water supplied to consumers by the water supply system also decreased in 2000-2022. decreased by 9.6%. Despite this, due to the current state of the network, water losses have increased steadily and proportionately. For example, in 2000 losses made up about 66% of the total water supply, in 2022 losses increased to 70.8%.

The high level and increasing trend of water transit losses do not seem sustainable in Armenia in the long term.

Indicator definition

This indicator presents the volume of water supplied to the users by the water supply industry, taking into account water losses during transport and the population connected to the water supply industry, as a total and as a share of the total population.

Units

The total volume of water supplied by the water supply industry is measured in million cubic metres per year; the share of the total population connected to the water supply industry is provided as a percentage.

Rationale

Justification for indicator selection

The indicator is important for defining the level of development of the water economy services and the degree of water accessibility to cover the needs of the population. The indicator also helps to identify trends in the water supply.

Scientific references

  • Physical water use and supply table by years, indicators and NACE categories and types, Statistical Committee of the RA (ArmStatBank)
  • UNECE, 2000. Environmental Performance Review- Armenia. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Environmental Policy, Environmental Performance Reviews Series No. 10, ISBN 92-1-116775-2, New York.
  • UNECE, 2018. Guidelines for the Application of Environmental Indicators, Description of C5: Water supply industry and population connected to water supply industry.
  • UNECE, 2018. Guidelines for the Application of Environmental Indicators, Glossary of terms – C5: Water supply industry and population connected to water supply industry.

Context description

National policy context

The Law of the Republic of Armenia on the fundamentals of the national water policy is aimed at meeting the basic needs of the population and ensuring the maintenance and utilisation of renewable water resources and the quantity needed to reduce and prevent diseases due to water shortages and to maintain aquatic ecosystems. In that context, the overall target is to satisfy the population’s everyday cultural and household water demands.

The progressive development of the strategic programme of the Republic of Armenia for 2014-2025 aims to increase the reliability and efficiency of the operation of the drinking water supply and sewage systems, reduce water losses and improve the quality of water and wastewater services.

International policy context

Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 of the UN Sustainable Development Agenda for the period up to 2030 aims ‘to ensure access to water and sanitation for all’. Target 6.1 of SDG 6 is also aiming, by 2030, to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water for all’. Similarly, Target 6.4 states the aim to, ‘by 2030, substantially increase water use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.

Targets

National targets

No national target has been specified.

International targets

UN SDG 6, target 6.4. by 2030, substantially increase water use efficiency across all sectors and ensure sustainable withdrawals and supply of freshwater to address water scarcity and substantially reduce the number of people suffering from water scarcity.

Related policy documents

Methodology for indicator calculation